Where the Jobs Are – Employers in the United States

Go Lean Commentary

There are a lot of lessons for the Caribbean to learn from the US regarding jobs. They do better at job creation than we do in our region. They have met their goal!

The goal of creating jobs in the US after the Great Recession led to the genesis of the book Go Lean … Caribbean. See the quotation here at Page 151:

How many jobs does the US economy have to generate to return to the unemployment rate of December 2007 (5.0) when the Great Financial Crisis started, by the end of President Obama’s second term in November 2016. This analysis for the number of jobs is assessed at 261,200 every month between October 2011 and 2016 to get to 16.2 million jobs.

This is the figure for the US. How about the Caribbean? How many jobs do we need to create to competitively present the Caribbean as a viable alternative to the US for our young people? To extrapolate based on the population, yields:




Jobs in 5 years











They did it; the unemployment rate in the US today is 4.9% – US Department of Labor; Bureau of Labor Statistics.


Now the Caribbean needs to follow this model to create our needed jobs in our 30 member-states.

So where are the jobs in the US?

As the largest Single Market economy in the world, the US maintains a large number of jobs among the member-states. Who exactly – companies, institutions, etc. – contribute these jobs?

In almost every case in the US, a state’s government is its largest employer. However, government employment is spread across various organizations. In each state, there is one company or public institution that employs the most people. “24/7 Wall Street” reviewed data from a range of sources in order to identify the largest employers in each state. …

As the world’s largest retailer, Walmart has an outsized impact on state labor markets.

Walmart is the only company to claim the top employer spot in more than one state. In fact, the nation’s largest retailer employs the most people in 19 states.

Educational and medical institutions also frequently top a state’s list of employers. The most common largest employer across the 50 states, after Walmart, is the state’s university system. Educational services dominate statewide employment in 16 states. Organizations operating in the healthcare sector are often major employers as well. Several of these are also part of a university system.
Source: http://247wallst.com/special-report/2016/03/11/the-largest-employer-in-every-state/

The formula for creating jobs is a diverse array of companies, so as to maintain a stable and healthy labor market. Some companies, however, impact a state’s economy and labor market far more than others, as in Walmart in the foregoing. See the actual list here:

State Company Number of Employees
Alabama Walmart 37,537
Alaska Providence Health & Services 4,000
Arizona Walmart 33,838
Arkansas Walmart 51,680
California University of California 205,177
Colorado University of Colorado 30,000
Connecticut Yale New Haven Health System 20,396
Delaware Christiana Care Health System 11,100
Florida Walmart 104,228
Georgia Walmart 57,276
Hawaii University of Hawaii 10,167
Idaho St. Luke’s Health System 13,557
Illinois Walmart 51,900
Indiana IndianaUniversity Health 29,395
Iowa University of Iowa 22,827
Kansas University of Kansas 13,862
Kentucky Walmart 29,005
Louisiana Walmart 36,763
Maine Hannaford Supermarkets 10,000
Maryland University System of Maryland 38,595
Massachusetts Partners Healthcare 65,000
Michigan University of Michigan 45,397
Minnesota Mayo Clinic 64,033
Mississippi Walmart 24,741
Missouri Walmart 42,312
Montana Walmart 4,508
Nebraska University of Nebraska 13,000
Nevada MGM Grand Las Vegas 55,000
New Hampshire Dartmouth-HitchcockMedicalCenter 9,300
New Jersey Wakefern Food Corporation 36,000
New Mexico University of New Mexico 24,061
New York StateUniversity of New York 89,871
North Carolina University of North Carolina System 74,079
North Dakota Sanford Health 12,292
Ohio Walmart 46,611
Oklahoma Walmart 33,268
Oregon Intel 18,600
Pennsylvania University of PittsburghMedicalCenter 60,000
Rhode Island Lifespan system of hospitals 13,710
South Carolina Walmart 30,828
South Dakota Avera Health 13,000
Tennessee Walmart 40,398
Texas Walmart 166,131
Utah Intermountain Healthcare 20,000+
Vermont The University of VermontMedicalCenter 7,400
Virginia Walmart 42,915
Washington Boeing 77,947
West Virginia Walmart 12,454
Wisconsin University of Wisconsin 40,000+
Wyoming Walmart 4,647

Source: Retrieved 09-23-2016 from: http://247wallst.com/special-report/2016/03/11/the-largest-employer-in-every-state/2/

Examining this foregoing chart, allows us to glean certain intelligence:

  • Jobs come from disruptive systems of commerce – Big-Box retailer Walmart has undermined the business models of the previous delivery solutions for food, clothing and shelter (home goods). They are now the largest employer in 19 states.
  • The education eco-system is important for more than  just enrolled student bodies; whole communities are affected. Just consider the California example here, which is indicative of all the other states where a University System is the largest employer: The University of California system, which has campuses in Berkeley, Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, Riverside, Merced, Santa Cruz, Santa Barbara, San Diego, and San Francisco, is the largest employer in the state. The university network also includes the UCLA Health System, which consists of five medical centers, and three national laboratories.

See the detailed depictions of these two business models in the related VIDEO here:

VIDEO – The Largest Employers In Top 10  Most Populous States – https://youtu.be/fcVHwjnmqCc

Published on Jan 11, 2016 – http://247wallst.com/

The foregoing analysis on this chart is very revealing for the Caribbean. We need to move to where the world is moving, not where the world is coming from. This analysis synchronizes with the book Go Lean…Caribbean which asserts that there are 4 ‘Agents of Change’ (Technology, Globalization, Aging Diaspora, Climate Change) that is forging great change in society.

  • Walmart is a product of a successful optimization of globalization – manufacturing many products aboard but featuring just-in-time delivery to the retail shelves.
  • The Universities and their medical school/service deliveries prove the merits of a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering & Math/Medicine) focus and the reality of a aging-always-in-need-of medical-services marketplace.

The Go Lean book calls for the elevation of Caribbean economics, asserting that the Caribbean region has been losing the battle of globalization and technology. The consequence of our defeat is the sacrifice of our most precious treasures, our people, especially our youth. The assessment of all 30 Caribbean member-states is that every community has lost human capital to emigration. Some communities, suffering an abandonment rate of more than 50% of the general population, while others watched as more than 70% of college-educated citizens flee their homelands for foreign shores, including these US jobs – many Caribbean Diaspora work for Walmart.

The Go Lean book doesn’t just report the problem; it also proposes solutions. The book stresses that the world now boast a New Economy, and that we must re-focus, re-boot, and optimize the engines of commerce – fix the broken eco-systems – so as to make the Caribbean a better place to live, work and play. We need the jobs of this New Economy; the book presents a plan to create the 2.2 million stated above. How?

The Go Lean book serves as a roadmap for the introduction and implementation of the technocratic Caribbean Union Trade Federation (CU) with the charter to facilitate jobs in the region. The book posits that ICT (Internet & Communications Technology) can be a great catalyst for job-creation. This would refer to the education of ICT and the delivery of ICT. This job-creation focus is among these 3 prime directives of CU/Go Lean:

  • Optimization of economic engines in order to grow the regional economy to $800 Billion and create 2.2 million new jobs.
  • Establishment of a security apparatus to protect the resultant economic.
  • Improvement of Caribbean governance to support these engines.

Early in the Go Lean book, the responsibility to create jobs was identified as an important function for the CU with these pronouncements in the Declaration of Interdependence (Pages 14):

xxvi.     Whereas the Caribbean region must have new jobs to empower the engines of the economy and create the income sources for prosperity, and encourage the next generation to forge their dreams right at home, the Federation must therefore foster the development of new industries, like that of ship-building, automobile manufacturing, prefabricated housing, frozen foods, pipelines, call centers, and the prison industrial complex. In addition, the Federation must invigorate the enterprises related to existing industries tourism, fisheries and lotteries – impacting the region with more jobs.

xxvii.    Whereas the region has endured a spectator status during the Industrial Revolution, we cannot stand on the sidelines of this new economy, the Information Revolution. Rather, the Federation must embrace all the tenets of Internet Communications Technology (ICT) to serve as an equalizing element in competition with the rest of the world. The Federation must bridge the digital divide and promote the community ethos that research/development is valuable and must be promoted and incentivized for adoption.

xxviii.   Whereas intellectual property can easily traverse national borders, the rights and privileges of intellectual property must be respected at home and abroad. The Federation must install protections to ensure that no abuse of these rights go with impunity, and to ensure that foreign authorities enforce the rights of the intellectual property registered in our region.

The book Go Lean…Caribbean details the creation of 2.2 million new jobs for the Caribbean region, many embracing the ICT/STEM skill-sets. The book also describes what the Caribbean region have to do in order to have a change for these jobs. It details the new community ethos that need to be adopted, plus the executions of key strategies, tactics, implementations and advocacies. The following list is depicted in the book:

Community Ethos – Deferred Gratification Page 21
Community Ethos – Economic Principle – Economic Systems Influence Choices & Incentives Page 21
Community Ethos – Consequences of Choices Lie in the Future Page 21
Community Ethos – Job Multiplier Page 22
Community Ethos – Lean Operations Page 24
Community Ethos – Return on Investments Page 24
Community Ethos – Ways to Impact the Future Page 26
Community Ethos – Ways to Help Entrepreneurship Page 28
Community Ethos – Ways to Promote Intellectual Property Page 29
Community Ethos – Ways to Impact Research & Development Page 30
Community Ethos – Ways to Bridge the Digital Divide Page 31
Strategy – Mission – Education Without Further Brain Drain Page 46
Tactical – Fostering a Technocracy Page 64
Tactical – Tactics to Forge an $800 Billion Economy – High Multiplier Industries Page 70
Tactical – Separation of Powers – Commerce Department – Patents & Copyrights Page 78
Implementation – Ways to Pay for Change Page 101
Implementation – Ways to Deliver Page 109
Implementation – Ways to Impact ICT and Social Media Page 111
Planning – Ways to Improve Trade Page 128
Advocacy – Ways to Create Jobs Page 152
Advocacy – Ways to Improve Education Page 159
Advocacy – Ways to Improve Housing Page 161
Advocacy – Ways to Better Manage Food Consumption Page 162
Advocacy – Ways to Better Provide Clothing Page 163
Advocacy – Ways to Impact Labor Markets and Unions Page 164
Advocacy – Ways to Foster Technology Page 197
Advocacy – Ways to Foster e-Commerce Page 198
Advocacy – Ways to Battle Poverty – Third World Realities Page 222
Advocacy – Ways to Help the Middle Class Page 223
Advocacy – Ways to Impact Youth – Usual Candidates for Fast-Food Jobs Page 227
Appendix – Growing 2.2 Million Jobs in 5 Years Page 257
Appendix – Job Multipliers Page 259
Appendix – Nuyorican Movement Page 303

Previous blog/commentaries detailed exactly where the jobs are for this New Economy. Consider these submissions here:

http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=8929 Where the Jobs Are – A reflection on Labor on Labor Day
http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=8328 Where the Jobs Are – One Scenario: YouTube Millionaires
http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=8262 Where the Jobs Are – One Scenario: Uber Model from Africa
http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=6089 Where the Jobs Are – The futility of Minimum Wage
http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=2857 Where the Jobs Are – Entrepreneurism in Junk
http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=2025 Where the Jobs Are – Attitudes & Images of the Diaspora
http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=2003 Where the Jobs Are – One Scenario: Shipbreaking
http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=1698 Where the Jobs Are – STEM Jobs Are Filling Slowly

The Caribbean can be the best address on the planet, if only we had jobs …

… yet, we can create more.

We have successful models of other societies – like the US in the foregoing. But there are other examples too, think South Korea, Iceland, India, and China. All of these countries business models have also been detailed by the Go Lean movement.

Now is the time … everyone is hereby urged to lean-in to this Go Lean roadmap, so that we can start to create the new jobs our region badly needs. This is not easy; in fact the Go Lean book describes it as heavy-lifting. But it also describes that it is conceivable, believable and achievable.

Yes, we can … also … make the Caribbean a better place to live, work and play. 🙂

Download the free e-Book of Go Lean … Caribbean – now!

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