Here is an interesting fact about “Black men and boys” in the country of the United States:
They amount to 6.5 percent of the total US population.
They amount to 40.2 percent of the prison population.
Surely, there are some special issues associated with this special interest group. In the field of Public Health Management, there is the concept of “Triage”; consider this definition here:
noun: (in medical use) the assignment of degrees of urgency to wounds or illnesses to decide the order of treatment of a large number of patients or casualties.
verb: assign degrees of urgency to (wounded or ill patients).
So the concept of “Triage” allows for immediate, expedited attention to those suffering more. The fact that more and more “Black men or boys” are entrusted to the criminal justice system – true in the Caribbean as well – indicates that this population needs more help. More and more, they are the victims and villains of crime. It brings to mind these questions:
- What can we do to Repair the Breach for “Black men or boys”?
- How can we reduce crime since this is so prevalent among this special sub-population?
These are legitimate questions. There are answers. We can explore these answers so as to Repair the Breach. This expression is derived from a White Paper by an academician, Dr. Donald McCartney of the Bahamas. He composed a White Paper to address this question of “How to repair this breach?” and identified some viable solutions for the Bahamas and the rest the Caribbean, especially related to the crime problem. See that full White Paper here, and an Excerpt as follows:
White Paper Title: Repairing the Breach in the Caribbean – EXCERPT
By: Dr. Donald McCartney
As we approach the 200th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the British Empire, the same questions, regarding Black men and boys, are being raised again.
The spiraling murder rate and other acts of violence (particularly against young men and the elderly), makes it clear, that many Black men and boys in the Caribbean, pose a serious and critical problem of interpersonal violence in every corridor and thoroughfare that Caribbean peoples and residents must cross. Consequently, Black men and boys in the Caribbean are feared, demonized and vilified.
The answers to these questions must be found; so that we can free those Black men and boys who have become slaves to violence and crime. We must come to the realization that, that which impacts Black men and boys impacts all Caribbean people and those who reside among us.
The primary aim will be to create a long-term structure of sustained intervention for Black men and boys who find themselves in trouble. The emphasis of the [remediating] Thurston Foundation will be on systemic change that will bring together a multiplicity of ideas in an effort to reduce violence and crime, thus making the Caribbean’ social life whole again.
The Thurston Foundation must not shape itself around the issue of violence. Violence, in the Caribbean, has been painted with a broad brush because Black men and boys are looked upon as the face of the violence. This violence appears to have immobilized law abiding citizens into a state of panic and fear.
See the full White Paper here: http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=14392
This commentary continues the 4-part series on Repairing the Breach; using the foregoing White Paper by Dr. McCartney as the premise. This entry is 2 of 4 in this series from the movement behind the book Go Lean … Caribbean in consideration of solutions to assuage the plight of Black men and boys. The other commentaries in the series are cataloged as follows:
- Repairing the Breach: Hurt People Hurt People
- Repairing the Breach: Crime – Need, Greed, Justice & Honor
- Repairing the Breach: One Option – National Youth Service
- Repairing the Breach: Image Impacts Economics
While all of these commentaries relate to “how” the stewards for a new Caribbean can assuage the failing dispositions of the Caribbean among our Black Men and boys, this one in particular addresses the root causes of possible solutions to mitigate and reduce crime.
This is an ENCORE of a previous blog-commentary addressing crime and inter-personal violence. This original submission from February 18, 2016 cataloged the reasons for street crimes as: 1. Need, 2. Greed, and 3. Justice. Though not re-published here, an additional form of violence was addressed in a different prior blog, though not a street crime: 4. Domestic Violence – the act of wife-battering.
There are certain ethnic groups where domestic violence is more prominent than others. Sadly, our communities in the Caribbean is prominent for this 4th category of crime as well; honor or not, it is still criminal. Many times, men in our society feel that it is their honor to discipline their wives … as they see fit. Remediating and reducing crime among our Black men and boys, means help-seeking for domestic abusers.
See here below, for the ENCORE of the blog-commentary on assessing, mitigating and reducing the crimes based on 1. Need, 2. Greed, and 3. Justice:
Go Lean Commentary – A Lesson in the History of Interpersonal Violence – Street Crimes
No justice, no peace!
The movement behind the book Go Lean … Caribbean, and accompanying blogs, has prioritized public safety and remediating/mitigating crime as paramount for the region. Despite the focus on economics, the book asserts that to elevate Caribbean society there must be a focus on the region’s security and governing engines to provide justice assurances. So in addition to economic empowerments (jobs, investments, education, entrepreneurship, etc.), the book posits that security concerns must also be front-and-center in any roadmap along with these economic efforts.
This is easier said than done.
In the previous blog/commentary in this series, the effort to reduce crime and remediate violence was identified as an “Art” and “Science”. This heavy reliance on artists and scientists have provided a lot of history for us to study and glean best-practices in this cause. What can we learn today from a study in the history of interpersonal violence as related to street violence?
This is commentary 2 of 3 considering this subject of interpersonal violence, and how it relates to the Caribbean homeland in 2016. The historic issues addressed are:
Street violence stems from 3 considerations: 1. Need, 2. Greed, and 3. Justice.
The Go Lean book serves as a roadmap for the introduction and implementation of the technocratic Caribbean Union Trade Federation (CU) to elevate the region’s economic, security and governing engines. The roadmap has these 3 prime directives:
- Optimization of the economic engines in order to grow the regional economy and create 2.2 million new jobs.
- Establishment of a security apparatus to provide public safety and protect the resultant economic engines from economic crimes.
- Improve Caribbean governance, with a separation-of-powers between member-state administrations and the CU federal government (Executive facilitations, Legislative oversight and judicial prudence) to support these economic/security engines.
So the CU/Go Lean roadmap addresses the issue of more jobs; this will lower the “need” factor for crime; (there is no expectation that these efforts would fully eliminate violent crime; but this start will mitigate the risks). The book relates that with the emergence of new economic drivers, that “bad actors” will also emerge thereafter to exploit the opportunities, with good, bad and evil intent. The second factor, “greed” is tied to opportunities. The executions of the Go Lean roadmap (Page 23) are specifically designed to minimize opportunities for crime with these security mandates:
- Adapt the Ethos: Public Protection over Privacy
- Embrace Electronic Payment Systems – Carry less cash
- Whistleblower Protection – Consider all allegation, anonymous and overt
- Witness Security & Protection – Ensure Justice Process
- Youth Crime Awareness & Prevention; Anti-Bullying and Mitigation – “Nip it in the bud”
- Intelligence Gathering – Universal Video Surveillance
- Light Up the Dark Places – Eliminate the figurative and literal “shadows”
- Prison Industrial Complex – Engage to reduce recidivism
The third contributor, justice, is tied to street riots, civil unrest and other outbursts against perceived injustices. The marching call of many of these movements is “No Justice; No Peace”.
Consider here the historicity of street violence (including sexual violence from strangers) in this AUDIO Podcast (48 minutes) here:
Click on Photo here to Play AUDIO Podcast; Click BACK to Return
What’s Behind Trends In U.S. Violent Crime Rates?
Guest Host: Indira Lakshmanan; posted February 9, 2016 – For more than 20 years violent crime rates in the U.S. states have been declining, but data from the first six months of 2015 suggest an unwelcome change: The FBI reports that from January and June 2015 overall violent crime was up nearly 2% and homicides jumped more than 6 percent with spikes in both small towns and big cities. The Justice Department cautioned it’s too soon to know whether the latest data signals an upturn in violence in America. Join us to talk about what drove violent crime down so dramatically over the last two decades in the U.S. and what could be ahead.
- Khalil Muhammad director, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture New York Public Library
- Paul Butler professor, Georgetown Law School
- Barry Latzer emeritus professor of criminal justice, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY most recent book: “The Rise and Fall of Violent Crime in America”
The foregoing AUDIO Podcast relates the experience of the Black and Brown populations in the American criminal-justice system. There is no doubt, there is a “divide in America’s execution of their justice mandates”. But, the scope of the Go Lean/CU roadmap is to reform and transform the Caribbean, not America. We need to do better here, in our homeland. America’s success and failure does relate to us, as many of our Diaspora lives there, but frankly, the Go Lean book asserts that it is easier to fix the Caribbean, than to fix America. We simply need to keep our people at home. We need to minimize the “push and pull” reasons that drive them away. Curbing crime here – a “push” factor – helps this cause; messaging the real experiences of our Black and Brown Diaspora as they engage the criminal justice system in the US should also help our cause, in lowering the “pull” factors.
So let’s fix the Caribbean!
The quest of the Go Lean movement is to elevate Caribbean society above our dysfunctional past. We can improve upon public safety! The goal of the roadmap is to optimize society through economic empowerment, security & justice optimization, and also governing efficiencies in the region, since these are inextricably linked to this same elevation endeavor.
The cause-and-effect of failing economics leads to increasing criminality, the “need” factor. So the cause-and-effect of improving economics should therefore lead to lesser criminal activities. Improved security facilitation (i.e. intelligence gathering and analysis) should reduce the opportunities for crimes of convenience, thus mitigating the “greed” factor. Funding grants to improve Justice institutions (Police, Courts, Prison Industrial Complex), their transparency and accountability, should lower the outcries for justice. Thus the Go Lean/CU has devised a tactic of publishing rankings-and-ratings (i.e. Best Places in the Caribbean To Live …); this should exacerbate failings and failures more prominently to the monitoring public, at home and abroad.
The motivation of this Go Lean/CU roadmap is the basic principle, described in the book (Page 21), that “Economic Systems Influence Individual Choices and Incentives”.
This roadmap fully envisions the integration of shepherding – leadership – for the Caribbean region’s economic, security and governing initiatives under the same organization: the Caribbean Union Trade Federation. These points are pronounced early in the Go Lean book (Page 12) with these opening Declaration of Interdependence statements:
x. Whereas we are surrounded and allied to nations of larger proportions in land mass, populations, and treasuries, elements in their societies may have ill-intent in their pursuits, at the expense of the safety and security of our citizens. We must therefore appoint “new guards” to ensure our public safety and threats against our society, both domestic and foreign. The Federation must employ the latest advances and best practices … to assuage continuous threats against public safety.
xi. Whereas all men are entitled to the benefits of good governance in a free society, “new guards” must be enacted to dissuade the emergence of incompetence, corruption, nepotism and cronyism at the peril of the people’s best interest. The Federation must guarantee the executions of a social contract between government and the governed.
xii. Whereas the legacy in recent times in individual states may be that of ineffectual governance with no redress to higher authority, the accedence of this Federation will ensure accountability and escalation of the human and civil rights of the people for good governance, justice assurances, due process and the rule of law. As such, any threats of a “failed state” status for any member state must enact emergency measures on behalf of the Federation to protect the human, civil and property rights of the citizens, residents, allies, trading partners, and visitors of the affected member state …
xiii. Whereas the legacy of dissensions in many member-states … will require a concerted effort to integrate the exile community’s repatriation, the Federation must arrange for Reconciliation Commissions to satiate a demand for justice.
xvi. Whereas security of our homeland is inextricably linked to prosperity of the homeland, the economic and security interest of the region needs to be aligned under the same governance. Since economic crimes, including piracy and other forms of terrorism, can imperil the functioning of the wheels of commerce for all the citizenry, the accedence of this Federation must equip the security apparatus with the tools and techniques for predictive and proactive interdictions.
The Caribbean appointing “new guards”, or a security pact to ensure justice and public safety will include many strategies, tactics and implementations deemed “best-practice”, including an advanced Intelligence Gathering and Analysis effort to mitigate and remediate street crime in the region, and also to optimize the “art and science” of crime, including prison reform; (see Page 211 of the Go Lean book for a discussion on criminology and penology). The Go Lean book details the series of community ethos, strategies, tactics, implementations and advocacies to optimize justice institution and provide increased public safety – “top-down” and “bottoms up” – in the Caribbean region:
|Community Ethos – Economic Systems Influence Individual Choices||Page 21|
|Community Ethos – Consequences of Choices Lie in Future||Page 21|
|Community Ethos – Security Principles||Page 22|
|Community Ethos – Ways to Manage Reconciliations||Page 34|
|Community Ethos – Ways to Impact the Greater Good||Page 37|
|Tactical – Vision – Forge a Single Market economy||Page 45|
|Tactical – Confederating a non-sovereign union||Page 63|
|Tactical – Fostering a Technocracy||Page 64|
|Tactical – Separation of Powers – Homeland Security||Page 75|
|Tactical – Separation of Powers – Justice Department||Page 77|
|Tactical – Separation of Powers – CariPol: Marshals & Investigations||Page 77|
|Tactical – Separation of Powers – Witness Protection||Page 77|
|Implementation – Start-up Security Initiatives||Page 103|
|Implementation – Ways to Foster International Aid – Security Assistance||Page 115|
|Implementation – Reasons to Repatriate – Security Optimization||Page 118|
|Planning – Ways to Make the Caribbean Better||Page 131|
|Planning – Ways to Improve Failed-State Indices – Mitigate Organized Crime & Gangs||Page 134|
|Planning – Lessons from the American West – Law & Order Lessons||Page 142|
|Planning – Lessons from Egypt – Lackluster Law & Order affects Economy||Page 143|
|Advocacy – Ways to Grow the Economy||Page 151|
|Advocacy – Ways to Improve Governance||Page 168|
|Advocacy – Ways to Better Manage the Social Contract||Page 170|
|Advocacy – Ways to Impact Justice||Page 177|
|Advocacy – Ways to Reduce Crime||Page 178|
|Advocacy – Ways to Improve for Gun Control||Page 179|
|Advocacy – Ways to Improve Homeland Security||Page 180|
|Advocacy – Ways to Mitigate Terrorism – Mitigate Bullying and Gangs early||Page 181|
|Advocacy – Ways to Improve Intelligence Gathering and Analysis||Page 182|
|Advocacy – Ways to Impact the Prison Industrial Complex||Page 211|
|Advocacy – Ways to Protect Human Rights||Page 220|
Other subjects related to crime, justice and security empowerments for the region have been blogged in other Go Lean…Caribbean commentary, as sampled here:
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=7179||SME Declaration: ‘Change Leaders in Crime Fight’|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=6385||Wi-Fi Hot Spots Run By Hackers Are Targeting Tourists|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=5307||8th Violent Crime Warning to Bahamas Tourists|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=5304||Mitigating the Eventual ‘Abuse of Power’|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=5238||#ManifestJustice – Lessons for the Prison Eco-System|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=4863||A Picture is worth a thousand words; video, a million to expose corruption|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=4447||Probe of Ferguson-Missouri finds bias from cops, courts|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=4360||Dreading the ‘Caribbean Basin Security Initiative’|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=4308||911 – Emergency Response: System in Crisis|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=3881||Intelligence Agencies to Up Cyber Security Cooperation|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=2994||Justice Strategy: Special Prosecutors and Commissions of Inquiry|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=2684||Role Model for Justice, Anti-Crime & Security: The Pinkertons|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=1554||Status of Forces Agreement = Security Pact|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=1143||American White Collar fraud; criminals take $272 billion/year in healthcare|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=392||Jamaica to receive World Bank funds to help in crime fight|
|http://www.goleancaribbean.com/blog/?p=273||10 Things We Don’t Want from the US – #4: Gun Rights/2nd Amendment|
The vision of the Go Lean roadmap is to make the Caribbean homeland, a better place to live, work and play. This means measurable reduction (mitigating and remediation) of interpersonal violence in the region. The Go Lean book presents a regional solution – CariPol et al – to remediate and mitigate street crime in the Caribbean, featuring details of strategies, tactics and implementations designed from world class best-practices to reduce street violence in the region.
The premise in the Go Lean book is that “bad actors” will always emerge, from internal and external origins. We must be prepared and on-guard to defend our homeland against all threats, foreign and domestic, including street crime and interpersonal violence. Plus, we must accomplish this goal with maximum transparency, accountability, and commitment to due-process and the rule-of-law. Thusly, there is a place for closed-circuit TV (CCTV), dashboard and body cameras. If there is the community “will”, the CU will ensure the “way”!
An additional mission is to lower the “push” factors (from “push-and-pull” reference) so that our citizens are not led to flee their homeland for foreign (North American and European) shores. Where we have failed in the past, we now want to reform and transform our communities, so that we can re-invite our Diaspora to return; this time, offering security assurances. Among the many reasons people emigrate or refuse to repatriate, is victimization of interpersonal violence or fear of crime.
There is “good, bad and ugly” in every society. We must therefore mitigate the “need, greed and justice” reasons for interpersonal violence in our society.
So all stakeholders in the Caribbean – people and institutions – are urged to lean-in to this Go Lean roadmap for the elevation of the Caribbean’s societal engine: economy, security and governance. The roadmap calls for the CU to do the heavy-lifting, so as to impact the Greater Good for justice, peace and security. This is conceivable, believable and achievable. 🙂
Sign the petition to lean-in for this roadmap for the Caribbean Union Trade Federation.